Crocheting into base chain

I have a very quick and easy trick to share with you today - crocheting into the loops or "bumps" on the back of a starting chain. Doing this will leave a nice even row of loops along the bottom edge.

Crochet Basics: Crocheting into a base chain// Kristi Tullus (

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Crochet hook comparison chart

In Estonia we measure the size of crochet hooks in millimetres, but USA and UK have their own systems, which can be a bit confusing, made worse by the fact that different manufacturers' hooks can have a slight difference in the size as well.

When it comes to very small crochet hooks, aka thread or steel hooks, it looks like manufacturers haven't found a system they all like, so each one uses their own size charts. Which is why I haven't included them here.

I put together a little comparison chart based on the most common crochet hook brands (ADDI, Tulip, Clover, Pony), so you can find the right hook for any project, no matter where your pattern is from.

Click on the chart for a larger view.

Crochet hook size in metric, USA and UK


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Parts of a Crochet Stitch

Are you wondering what exactly does it mean when a pattern instructs you to crochet into front or back loops only or around the post of a stitch? Then read on.

In this post I will talk a little about the parts of a crochet stitch and show different ways you can insert your hook through a stitch. Because amigurumi is usually crocheted with single crochet stitches (double crochet in UK and Australia), I will use it as an example here, but the rules apply to all crochet stitches.

NB! All stitches are crocheted as usual, the only difference is where you insert your hook.


Parts of a crochet stitch

Each crochet stitch consist of a post (sometimes called the stitch or vertical bar) and two loops on top of it.


parts of a crochet stitch


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Reverse Single Crochet Stitch

Reverse single crochet stitch or crab stitch is crocheted just like a regular single crochet stitch, but instead of working from right to left, crab stitch is worked from left to right, crocheting each stitch in a stitch on the right of the previous stitch.

Crab stitch is great for giving a nice finished edge to your crochet pieces.


crab stitch tutorial reverse single crochet stitch
1. Insert your hook through the stitch on the right of the previous stitch.

2. Grab the yarn with your hook and draw
up a loop.


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Comparison chart - US, UK and EST crochet terms.

I put together a small comparison chart with most common US and UK / Europe / AU crochet terms in English and also in Estonian. When you start reading a pattern, always make sure you know which terms are used. As you can see, some names can describe entirely different stitches.
P.S. All my patterns are written using US crochet terms.


Yarn Weight Comparison Chart

I have always used the actual weight of a yarn to represent the thickness, usually written as meters or yards per skein or 50 g, 100 g or 200 g. But it is not always the best way as different materials have different density. So, if you want to combine different materials in one project, you need to make sure the thickness of these yarns is about the same.

The best way is to actually take a look at the yarns, but it is not always an option. Another way to compare yarns is to look at the suggested hook or needle sizes or look at the gauge which is usually given as stitches per 10 cm (4 in) knitted in stockinette stitch. But the best bet is to stick with one brand.

Using a pattern written by someone from the other side of the world where completely different terms are used makes it even more confusing. There are many ways to represent the yarn weight, which, unfortunately, we do not use in Estonia. But here is a chart that might help you find the right yarn for any project. Click on the chart for a bigger view.