Crochet hook comparison chart

In Estonia we measure the size of crochet hooks in millimetres, but USA and UK have their own systems, which can be a bit confusing, made worse by the fact that different manufacturers' hooks can have a slight difference in the size as well.

When it comes to very small crochet hooks, aka thread or steel hooks, it looks like manufacturers haven't found a system they all like, so each one uses their own size charts. Which is why I haven't included them here.

I put together a little comparison chart based on the most common crochet hook brands (ADDI, Tulip, Clover, Pony), so you can find the right hook for any project, no matter where your pattern is from.

Click on the chart for a larger view.

Crochet hook size in metric, USA and UK

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Parts of a Crochet Stitch

Are you wondering what exactly does it mean when a pattern instructs you to crochet into front or back loops only or around the post of a stitch? Then read on.

In this post I will talk a little about the parts of a crochet stitch and show different ways you can insert your hook through a stitch. Because amigurumi is usually crocheted with single crochet stitches (double crochet in UK and Australia), I will use it as an example here, but the rules apply to all crochet stitches.

NB! All stitches are crocheted as usual, the only difference is where you insert your hook.

 

Parts of a crochet stitch

Each crochet stitch consist of a post (sometimes called the stitch or vertical bar) and two loops on top of it.

 

parts of a crochet stitch

 

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Reverse Single Crochet Stitch

Reverse single crochet stitch or crab stitch is crocheted just like a regular single crochet stitch, but instead of working from right to left, crab stitch is worked from left to right, crocheting each stitch in a stitch on the right of the previous stitch.

Crab stitch is great for giving a nice finished edge to your crochet pieces.

 

crab stitch tutorial reverse single crochet stitch
1. Insert your hook through the stitch on the right of the previous stitch.

2. Grab the yarn with your hook and draw
up a loop.

 

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Comparison chart - US, UK and EST crochet terms.

I put together a small comparison chart with most common US and UK / Europe / AU crochet terms in English and also in Estonian. When you start reading a pattern, always make sure you know which terms are used. As you can see, some names can describe entirely different stitches.
P.S. All my patterns are written using US crochet terms.

 

Yarn Weight Comparison Chart

I have always used the actual weight of a yarn to represent the thickness, usually written as meters or yards per skein or 50 g, 100 g or 200 g. But it is not always the best way as different materials have different density. So, if you want to combine different materials in one project, you need to make sure the thickness of these yarns is about the same.

The best way is to actually take a look at the yarns, but it is not always an option. Another way to compare yarns is to look at the suggested hook or needle sizes. You can also look at the gauge which is usually given as stitches per 10 cm (4 in) knitted in stockinette stitch.

There are also many more ways to represent the yarn weight, which, unfortunately, we do not use in Estonia. But here is a chart that might help you find the right yarn for any project. Click on the chart for a bigger view.

 

TUTORIAL - Decreasing.

Amigurumi is usually crocheted with just one stitch - single crochet stitch - and increasing and decreasing are used to give shape to your creations.

Decreasing is nothing more than taking two or more stitches and turning them into one. There are many ways to do so, in this post I will show two of my favorite methods for decreasing when working in single crochet stitch (double crochet in UK and Australia).

 

Regular single crochet decrease

Sometimes it is impossible to use the invisible decrease method and this is how I crochet two stitches together then. And if you are not a fan of the invisible decrease you can always use this one instead.

 

crocheting two single crochet stitches together
single crochet decreasing
1. Insert the hook through the first stitch and
yarn over.

2. Draw up a loop.

 

crochet tutorials
single crochet decrease
3. Insert the hook through the second stitch
and yarn over.

4. Draw up a loop.

 

single crochet decrease
single crochet decrease
5. Yarn over ...

6. ... and draw through all loops on the hook.

 

 

Invisible single crochet decrease

This is my preferred method for decreasing when making amigurumi. It's not completely  invisible, but it is a lot less noticeable than other methods, which can leave a visible gap or a bump. It does take just a bit of practice, but once you master it, you probably will be using this one.

 

decrease tutorial
single crochet decreasing
1. Insert the hook under the front loop of the
first stitch. Do not yarn over.

2. Bend the tip of the crochet hook down ...

 

crocheting
single crochet decrease
3. … and insert the hook under the front loop
of the second stitch and pick it up onto the
hook.

4. Yarn over and draw through the first
two loops. Yarn over and draw through
all loops.

If you do not see the videos properly, head over to YouTube.

Right-handed version

Left-handed version

Kristi Tullus

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